Sonagachi is reputedly South Asia’s and hence simultaneously India’s largest red-light district. Sonagachi is located in Kolkata, India. Its area contains several hundred multi-story brothels and an estimated 11,000 sex workers (2012). Sonagachi is located in North Kolkata near the intersection of Chittaranjan Avenue and Shobhabazar with Beadon Street, about one kilometer north of Kolkata’s Marble Palace area.
Today, several NGOs and government organizations operate here for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) including AIDS. The book Guilty Without Trial by the founders of the NGO Sanlaap based much of their research into human trafficking in India on this area.
According to some sources, prostitutes from Sonagachi who test HIV positive are not told about the results, and live with the disease without knowing about it “because the DMSC is worried that HIV positive women will be ostracized.” Some prostitutes in Sonagachi have stated that “the clients, at least three quarters of them” refuse to use condoms and “if we force them to use the condom, they will just go next door. There are so many women working here, and in the end, everyone is prepared to work without protection for fear of losing trade.
Besides the Sonagachi project, (DMSC) also runs several similar projects in West Bengal, organizing some 65,000 prostitutes and their children. The organization lobbies for the recognition of sex workers’ rights and full legalization, runs literacy and vocational programs, and provides micro loans. The DMSC hosted India’s first national convention of sex workers on 14 November 1997 in Kolkata, titled ‘Sex Work is Real Work: We Demand Workers Rights’. The book Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide reports investigations revealing that, contrary to stated policy, the DMSC allows sex slavery, trafficking, and underage girls in Sonagachi project brothels