In the context of traffic control, a lane is part of a roadway (carriageway) that is designated to be used by a single line of vehicles, to control and guide drivers and reduce traffic conflicts. Most public roads (highways) have at least two lanes, one for traffic in each direction, separated by lane markings.
In cities Inner is for the traffic that will turn right, while Outer lane can be for the left turning traffic. Straight going traffic may use either lane depending upon which side the upcoming turn is. In a six-lane road, the intermediate (middle) lane is for the straight going traffic. It does not work this way in real life because drivers are either unaware of the rules or refuse to follow them.
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On Indian highways, Inner lane is for fast moving vehicles. Outer &/or Intermediate lane is for the rest. On highways, the focus is on facilitating truck traffic. There is no defined “car or truck lane” on highways despite paying toll. This is the reason behind cars frequently overtaking trucks and darting in and out of truck traffic. Trucks rarely exceed 60 kmph due to their heavy loads, while cars are generally doing over 80 kmph.
Unfortunately while we have a lane system in India , no one bothers to educate them on the usage of the same and you see total chaos when driving in a 4 lane or 6 lane road/highway.The solution to this as i see it is to make getting driving licence tough and unless a person passes all these tests should not be given license and also anyone caught not complying to this should be fined heavily.This in my opinion may look good on paper but will never get implemented .Even our highways are not in line with international highways like proper exits and speed categories and totally devoid of over passes